The effect of a community-driven development project (Fadama ii) on rural farming communities in Adamawa State, Nigeria


Umar Adamu Madu, Abba Mohammed Wakili, Stephen Ezekiel Mshelia


Full Length Research Paper


Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Adamawa State University Mubi, Nigeria

Agric. Education Department, Federal College of Education Yola, Nigeria

Adamawa State Fadama Development Office Yola, Nigeria


Accepted 23 September 2016


The major thrust of this study is to assess the impact of Fadama II project, which is a CDD project and the first of its kind in Nigeria. It is also the largest agricultural and rural development project in Nigeria. The Project focused on increasing the incomes of Fadama Users on sustainable basis via empowerment in terms of capacity building, advisory services, acquisition of productive assets and rural infrastructure development. This study used propensity score matching (PSM) to select 300 comparable project beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries. The study also used double difference methods to compare the impact indicators. T-test analysis was used to compare means and determine impact of the project apart from descriptive statistics used. Participation in the project  has sinificantly increased the income of beneficiaries. Fadama II has as well successfully implemented its CDD approach, as community members were given voice to decide for the planning and implementation of projects meant to touch their lives. The value of productive assets has increased significantly among the beneficiaries. Fadama II project had positive impacts on road construction and rehabilitation in project communities. The study also observed that the rate of adoption of new technologies was large and significant. Conflict has been reduced among the community members as a result of participation. The findings have also revealed that the project has enhanced the capacities of the beneficiaries to cope with their activities.The unique feature that could have contributed to the significant impact of the project in a short time is its participatory and demand driven approach that gives voice to the communities. It is concluded therefore, that the strategy of participatory and demand-driven development should take a centre stage in any rural development process.

Keywords: Fadama II, Effect, Community-driven development, Poor, Vulnerable groups, Beneficiaries, Non-beneficiaries.