CRJMMS Navigation
Publication Ethics
Call For Paper
Editorial Board
Guide to Authors
Editorial Workflow
Submit Manuscript
Viewing Options
[View Abstract]
[View Full Text PDF]
[Download Full Text PDF]
Authors Articles on Google Scholar
Sunil Sunil Wimalawansa
Authors Articles on Pubmed
Sunil Sunil Wimalawansa
Email this Article to a friend
Print this Article
Viewed: 338
Forwarded: 0
Printed: 133
Downloaded: 1,330
Journals By Category
Agricultural Sciences
Arts and Education
Biological Sciences
Medical Sciences
Physical Sciences
Social Sciences
Newsletters Subscription

Post-traumatic stress disorder: An under-diagnosed and under-treated entity


Sunil Wimalawansa, MD, PhD, MBA, FACE, FRCP, DSc.




Cardio-Metabolic Institute, 51, Veronica Avenue, Somerset, NJ 8873, U.S.A



Accepted 17 September, 2016


Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious behavioural and psychological abnormality that occurs after perceived or actual exposure to unusual, severe, acute stressful events.  In addition to returning soldiers from war front, PTSD is also occur in civilian victims of wars, terrorist attacks, serious accidents, sexual abuse/rape, or other violent episodes, and following school and workplace bullying or harassments.  However, early diagnosis, individualized effective therapies and appropriate follow-up programs could effectively lead to cure. In addition, to psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy, out of the box approaches need to be explored including meditation, music therapy, and relaxation methods.  Not only is PTSD under-diagnosed, but it also misdiagnosed or mislabelled, including as depression or adjustment disorders.  Treatment of PTSD needs to be well-coordinated with all stakeholders taking active part, synergistically, maximizing utilization of resources to prevent recurrences.  However, mislabelling PTSD as a diagnosis, prevents patients getting effective therapy and thereby may harm them and their families.  The provision of timely, effective therapeutic plans not only alleviates the PTSD symptoms, but also prevents recurrences; thus facilitating their return to normal productive lives.  Several novel neurohormonal and structural brain abnormalities have been identified in patients with PTSD, allowing further understanding, and identifying new medications and management options to help PTSD victims. 

Keywords:  Neurons, psychiatry, homeostasis, structure-function, endocrine, behaviour